e., those individuals indexed by IUCN as Significantly Endangered, Endangered, or Insecure (Tables step 1, 5, six, 7). These include 13 reported vertebrate types and you can an estimated 56 bush types (twenty-eight documented regarding the park, with a unique 28 questioned). An extra fifteen vertebrate kinds is Close Endangered, and additionally an estimated 47 bush kinds (30 recorded, 17 asked).
PowerPoint slip large photo totally new photo Desk 5. Endangered and you may Near Endangered variety totals to own Yasuni National Park. PowerPoint slide big image new photo Table 6. Endangered and you may Near Threatened vertebrates recognized to occur in Yasuni Federal Playground. PowerPoint slide huge image amazing visualize Table eight. Endangered plant kinds proven to take place in Yasuni National Park.
Brand new forest Rollinia helosioides ‘s the simply Critically Endangered kinds (we.elizabeth., facing a very high chance of extinction in the open) recorded in the Yasuni (Desk 7). Of most other plant kinds documented or expected within the Yasuni, seven is actually Endangered (we.elizabeth., against a very high threat of extinction in the open). Of those is Cedrela fissilis, a forest directed by the unlawful loggers. The majority of its pure subpopulations contained in this Ecuador were destroyed .
Eight of one’s endangered vertebrates is mammals, and this likely qualifies Yasuni just like the an endangered animals hotspot (discussed from the Ceballos ainsi que al. as being the better 5% away from 10,000-kilometres dos cells when you look at the a major international grid). Yasuni has essential populations away from a few around the globe Endangered mammal species, the fresh new Light-bellied Spider Monkey (Ateles belzebuth) and Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis). Brand new White-bellied Crawl Monkey is actually uplisted off Vulnerable to Threatened when you look at the 2008 because it’s said to features rejected by at the very least 50% for the past forty five age (around three years), largely due to over-google search and you can habitat loss . Likewise, the latest Icon Otter may experience a good halving of population size more next twenty years due to increasing environment depletion and you will destruction . Yasuni and also the Pastaza River certainly are the Giant Otter’s important refuges in the Ecuador . Utreras, unpub. research in , ).
Populations for the majority of of uncommon birds of the Mayor Yasuni Important Bird Area-for instance the Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) https://gorgeousbrides.net/da/charm-date/ and Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis)-was declining because of google search demands and habitat loss and you will destruction various other parts of its range ,
Yasuni is additionally the home of multiple internationally Insecure types (we.elizabeth., against a leading risk of extinction in the open), including half a dozen far more mammals. Poeppig’s Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix poeppigii), Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris), and you can Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) are thought to possess experienced society refuses of at least 29% over the past around three generations (forty-five decades) due primarily to google search and you will environment loss –. Similar refuses was prediction along side second several generations towards the Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis) and you may Oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus) , . pyressa melissa) was projected to have come >30% in the last 10 years .
Under 250 sexually reproductive folks are estimated in which to stay-nation, which have Yasuni harboring a projected 20 groups, for each and every including a reproductive couple and you will averaging four somebody (V
Yasuni has got the toad variety complex Atelopus spumarius, currently indexed because the Insecure. This genus is actually experiencing extreme, extensive populace declines and you may extinctions while in the their species’ ranges in the Mesoamerica and South america which happen to be closely linked to the chytrid fungi Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis , . Ron forecast men and women portion from inside the Ecuador extremely hospitable to this pathogen to settle the fresh new Andes above step 1,000 m, whereas Yasuni will not offer a lot more than 400 m. But not, B. dendrobatidis might have been perceived into the amphibian folks of at the very least seven species on lower elevations (Leptodactylus pentadactylus) could have been observed demonstrating warning signs of chytridiomycosis, the illness for the reason that the latest B. dendrobatidis illness .
The newest Gran Yasuni Important Bird Urban area, with both park and you can surrounding Waorani Territory, contains several unusual bird types , together with seven species indexed given that Insecure otherwise Close Endangered (Dining tables 5 and you may six). Brand new Wattled Curassow (Crax globulosa) might have been reported, however affirmed, to have Yasuni (meaning that isn’t used in our very own tallies). Which species had previously been identified off riverine woods inside the east Ecuador , but may was extirpated regarding nation .